美国汽车协会6月9日数据显示,美国普通汽油平均价格达到每加仑4.99美元(约合33.5人民币)。高油价正在影响美国所有的司机,但低收入家庭首当其冲。这是因为,与富裕家庭相比,低收入家庭在交通成本和日常必需品(如食品和能源)上的支出比例更高。


For lower-income Americans, high gas prices can set off a cycle of hardship.
对于低收入的美国人来说,高油价可能会引发一系列问题。

Driving the news: The daily US average national price for a gallon of regular climbed to $4.99 as of Thursday morning — a cent shy of the symbolic $5 threshold, according to AAA.
根据AAA数据,截至6月9日上午,美国一加仑普通汽油的平均价格攀升至4.99美元,比5美元的象征性门槛低1美分。

Those at the top spent the equivalent of about 2% of their income on gas in 2019. That's the most recent year for which the Bureau of Labor Statistics has survey data that are not skewed by weird pandemic behavior.
美国劳工统计局最新调查数据显示,2019年,美国高收入人群的汽油支出相当于其收入的2%。这些数据没有受到新冠肺炎疫情的影响。

Those at the lower end of the income scale devoted 8% of their after-tax income to gas in 2019. (Although many living in urban areas without cars are spared the expense.)
2019年,低收入人群的汽油支出占其税后收入的8%(尽管许多没有汽车的城市居民可以节省这笔开支。)

In 2008, when gas prices hit a record (inflation-adjusted) high, that group spent close to 12%.
2008年油价创历史新高(经通胀调整)时,低收入人群的汽油支出接近12%。

This data looks at gas expenditures as a percentage of income. A more common practice is to slice the numbers as a percentage of overall household spending.
该数据计算汽油支出占收入的百分比。更常见的是计算汽油支出占家庭总支出的百分比。

It looks different that way: The lowest 20% of earners devoted 3.7% of their spending to gas versus 2.7% for the highest earners, per BLS.
于是数据就变了:根据美国劳工统计局的数据,占20%的低收入人群的汽油支出占家庭总支出的3.7%,高收入人群占2.7%。


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